Mine coordinate system, cave surveying surface grids, cave surveying orientation grids, cave surveying cave grids, geometric bases of local surface and underground measurement grids, measurement and representation of geotechnical structures, the geometric realization of a geotechnical project, placing stakes and the calculation of accuracy, special measurement tasks, cave surveying numerical and graphical archive, the basis of the theory of errors and balancing calculations, measurement and interpretation of the displacement and deformation of geotechnical structures and their environment, special and precision surveying and cave surveying measurements, special and precision measurements of the borehole channel (“Deep log”, etc.).
Geotechnology and Mining (VS)
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