The origin of soils.
Phases in soil (soil skeleton, water, air), relationship between phases.
Geotechnical characteristics of soils, determination of characteristics in the laboratory (soil deformability, shear strength, consolidation).
Determination of density and permeability in the laboratory, limits of plasticity, state of consistency.
Laboratory tests: edometer, direct shear and triaxial tests.
The application of the general findings of mechanics and mechanics of fluids to soils: the principle of effective stresses, capillary rise of water in soils, suction.
One dimensional and two dimensional seepage in soils; consolidation process.