- Introduction. Chemical and physical properties of water, surface and ground water, oceans. Chemical equilibrium, kinetics, solubility, saturation index.
- Measurements and analyses, techniques, accuracy and analytical errors, laboratories and standards.
- Composition of natural surface and ground waters. TDS, conductivity, hardness, major, minor and trace elements in waters, gases, radioactive species. Physical properties (smell, turbidity, conductivity).
- Influences on water composition: origin and values of ions in water environment, water-rock interaction. Carbonate and SiO2 systems.
- Chemical reactions and processes in aquatic environment: reactions, precipitation/dissolution, speciation and complexation, redox reactions, mixing, sorption, ion exchange, evaporation, temperature influence, karstification, transport.
- Numerical modeling of hydrogeochemical processes and reactions, quantitative calculations. Inverse modeling, determination of origin and changes of ground waters.
- Classification of waters and facies.
- Thermal and thermomineral waters.
- Isotopes in hydrogeochemistry (fractionation, values, age dating, geothermometers).
- Pollutants and water protection.
- Display of water composition by maps and geochemical diagrams (Piper, Durov, Schoeller…).
- Water legislation on composition and quality of surface and ground waters.
- Presentation of recent actual activities and problems.
Calculation and computer exercises (hand calculations, MS Excel, geochemical software Phreeqc for Windows).
Geology (MAG) - Applied Geology (AG)
Geology (MAG) - Geoenvironment and Geomaterials (GGM)
|Teacher||Timotej Verbovšek ENG|
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