Research under the programme includes the development of technologically innovative production processes for advanced fibrous and other polymer materials while considering the principles of sustainable development. An important goal of the research is to create multifunctional special textiles with applications in medical, hygienic and protective textiles with antimicrobial activity, flame retardancy, water- and oil-repellency, self-cleaning, electrical conductivity, the ability to release active substances, UV protection, electromagnetic shielding and other functionalisations. Another goal is to create novel temperature-, pH- and light-responsive smart textiles. Towards this end, we develop environmentally friendly processes involving spinning, drawing, weaving, enzyme and plasma treatment, the in situ synthesis of nanoparticles, dyeing, printing, sol-gel technology and microencapsulation. In the field of smart materials, printed electronics is introduced for the purpose of wearable electronics. For the integration of conventional electronic components, different contact procedures are used. In the field of technical textiles and green composites, the production of flax and coarse wool of Slovenian origin is revived. The use of eco-design in the design of new products is investigated at all stages of production and end use. Furthermore, textile waste and options for recycling are studied. In this research, the most advanced analytical methods, image processing procedures and statistical methods will be used.
The research agendas of the programme are modern, technologically innovative and based on interdisciplinary knowledge and integration. They combine fibrous and other polymeric materials as well as textile, graphic, chemical and electrotechnical technologies. In the research, a sustainable approach will be of primary importance. An important goal of the programme is the transfer of laboratory results to new industrial processes.
Research under the programme contributes significantly to the technological development of the Slovenian textile and graphics industry and increases its competitiveness, facilitates the development of under- and postgraduate education in the field of textiles and graphics and enhances the education level of employees in the economy, preserving Slovenian professional terminology, promoting Slovenian science and enhancing awareness of sustainable development.
Sustainable flame retardancy for textiles and related materials based on nanoparticles substituting conventional chemicals (FLARETEX)
The scientific context of the COST Action MP1105 is concerned with the replacement of existing flame retardants with sustainable and environmentally friendly alternatives for textiles in domestic, safety, transport (automotive, rail, aerospace and marine), civil emergency and military, construction and other industries. The aim of the action is to form a European multidisciplinary Knowledge Network on Sustainable Flame Retardancy to facilitate the rapid development of new innovative halogen-free flame retardants with low fire toxicity and environmental impacts using all the available technologies.
Investigation of the possibility of using short flax fibres for the production of filters for removal of heavy metals ions from aqueous solutions (bilateral project with University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Technology, leader: assist. prof. dr. Marija Gorjanc)
Water and soil pollution by heavy metals is a major problem, as it represents an immediate danger to human health. The presence of heavy metals in water, even at low concentrations, can cause serious health problems. The existing methods for heavy metal removal from water have some disadvantages such as high cost of sorbents and their low biodegradation after sorption. For this reason, the aim of the research is to find sorbents based on natural, waste and biodegradable materials that would provide solutions in the field of heavy metals removal from water. Due to their chemical and physicalmechanical properties, lignocellulose materials such as flax can be used as a sorbent.
Modification of textiles by plasma and nanoparticles for development of protective and healthcare textiles (bilateral project with University of Zagreb, Faculty of Textile Technology, leader: assist. prof. dr. Marija Gorjanc)
An important part of the textile industry is the development of antimicrobial textiles for medical, healthcare and hygienic purposes. The increasing environmental concerns and demand for environmentally friendly processing of textiles has led to the development of new technologies, the use of plasma being one of the suitable methods. The aim of the research of the project is modification of textiles using plasma for increasing adhesion capacity towards nanoparticles and to achieve antimicrobial properties of treated textiles.
Tailoring innovative functional textiles using plasma and microcapsules (bilateral project with the Institute of Physics in Belgrade, leader: assist. prof. dr. Marija Gorjanc)
The emphasis of the proposed project is modification of textile properties, with a focus on creating innovative functional and smart textile products. Microencapsulation technology imparts finishing procedures in textiles in a way that is not possible or feasible with other technologies. Since there is no affinity between the microcapsules and the substrate, it is necessary to use binders that are in some cases hazardous to humans and animals. Additionally, the problem with microcapsulefunctionalised textiles is the durability of their properties with repeated use. Textiles will be modified by using gaseous plasma and additionally treated with microcapsules of different effects.